So, what causes the ocean’s currents? Ocean currents are driven by tides, winds, or changes in the water’s density.
There are two different types of ocean currents: surface currents and deep ocean currents. Together they create a complex system that affects our weather, marine travel, and oceanic ecosystems.
The five major oceans wide gyres are the North Atlantic, South Atlantic North Pacific South Pacific, Indian Ocean, Ocean gyres and world map pacific of plastic pollution. The currents we see at the beach are called coastal currents that can affect land and wave formations. Currents travel around 5.6 miles per hour in warmer waters of the northern hemisphere and in the North Pacific moves much slower in cold water at 0.03 to 0.06 miles per hour.
Ocean currents exist both on and below the surface. Some currents are local to specific areas, while others are global. And they move a lot of water. The largest current in the world, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, is estimated to be 100 times larger than all the water flowing in all the world’s rivers! All of this moving water helps more stationary species get the food and nutrients they need. Instead of going looking for food, these creatures wait for the currents to bring a fresh supply to them. Currents also play a major role in reproduction. The currents spread larvae and other reproductive cells. Without currents many of the ocean’s ecosystems would collapse.
Cleaning up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a challenge. It is not close to any coastline, which means no one country or organization has stepped up to take responsibility for its cleanup. However, many ocean conservation organizations, such as Ocean Blue Project, one of the best Ocean cleanup organizations removing 1 million pounds of plastic by 2025. Help save our blue economy by making a one time donation to help remove plastic pollution from a beach near you.
The best way to support this effort — reduce your use of single-use plastics. If less plastic is being used, then less of it will end up in our oceans.
The Southern Ocean also known as the antarctic area.
The Antarctic ocean is the smallest of our oceans and the fourth largest and is full of wildlife and mountains of ice lastly throughout the year. Although this area is so cold humans have managed to live here. One of the largest setbacks is with global warming most of the ice mountains is expected to melt by 2040. The depth of The Antarctic Ocean is 23,740′ in depth. The Southern Ocean also known as the Antarctic Area: 7.849 million mi².
How many people live in the Antarctic? No humans live in Antarctica permanently, but around 1,000 to 5,000 people live through the year at the science stations in Antarctica. The only plants and animals that can live in cold live there. The animals include penguins, seals, nematodes, tardigrades and mites.
Fun facts: Between Africa and Austral
Indian Ocean is located between Africa and Austral-Asia and the Southern Ocean. is the third largest of our oceans and covers a fifth ( 20%) of our earths surface. Until the mid 1800s the Indian Ocean was called the Eastern Oceans. The Indian Ocean is around 5.5 times the size of United States and is a warm body of water depending on the Ocean Currents of the Equator to help stabilize the temperatures.
Atlantic Ocean boards North America, Africa, South America, and Europe. This Ocean is the second largest of our five oceans and home of the largest islands in the world. The Atlantic Ocean covers 1/5 of the earths surface and 29% of the waters surface area.
The Atlantic Ocean ranks the second for the most dangerous ocean waters in the world. This ocean water is usually affected by coastal winds, temperature of the water surface currents maps.
6 Types of Plants That Live in the Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean Temperatures or conditions are split: cold in east, and warmer in west. In Oregon the body of water is average 54 degrees. Winter has huge Oregon King Tides leaving the norther waters super rough seas.
Fun Facts For Youth:
Atolls are in the warmer conditions of the Pacific Ocean and are the Coral Sea Islands West of the Barrier Reef in Australia. Atolls are only found in the warm ocean waters, located in the southern water bodies of our ocean.
The Pacific Ocean is also the home for the most micro plastics floating in our oceans. The plastic are caused by humans littering by accident or just littering. Plastic pollution makes its way to the ocean in many directions by getting into street drains, rivers, blowing in the wind, or from fishing boats. learn about how some animals help lower plastic pollution.
6 Types of Plants That Live in the Pacific Ocean
Ocean currents move warm and cold water, to polar regions and tropical regions influencing both weather and climate and changing the regions temperatures. Learn more about Ocean Blue nonprofit working to remove plastic from our Ocean.